First aid must-haves
When bushwalking there’s always the possibility of injury. Be it a simple cut, a sprain or worse, a broken bone or snake bite. Now on a Life’s An Adventure pack-free guided walk your professional guide is fully trained for all sorts of scenarios and they’ll have wilderness first aid training and a compete first aid kit so you need not worry. However if you’re going bush without a guide – be it to train for a Life’s An Adventure walk or just to enjoy the outdoors – there are a some first aid tips you should be aware of.
Carry a fire aid kit. You can buy these from most outdoor shops, through St John or you can make one up yourself BUT all kits should contain the following:
- Antibacterial ointment (e.g Savlon)
- Antiseptic wipes
- Assorted adhesive bandages (fabric preferred)
- Butterfly bandages / adhesive wound-closure strips
- Gauze pads
- Nonstick sterile pads
- Medical adhesive tape
- Blister treatment
- Ibuprofen / other pain-relief medication
- Insect sting / anti-itch treatment
- Safety pins
- First-aid manual or information cards
- Saline wash
- Hand sanitiser
- And finally, your own personal medication you are on any or require any for certain situations
All of the above should be able to fit in a waterproof container and be placed within easy reach inside your pack.
How to treat a minor cut or scrape
Follow these steps to keep cuts clean and prevent infections and scars.
- Wash your hands. A small bottle of hand sanitiser will do the trick.
- Stop the bleeding. Put pressure on the cut with a gauze pad or clean cloth. Keep the pressure on for a few minutes.
- Clean the wound. Once you’ve stopped the bleeding, rinse the cut under cool running water or use a saline wound wash. Clean the area around the wound with an antiseptic wipe.
- Remove any dirt or debris. Use a pair of tweezers cleaned with alcohol to gently pick out any dirt, gravel, glass, or other material in the cut.
- Depending on the severity of the cut/scrape you may want to cover if with a band-aid or a guaze pad plus a bandage. (see below)
Do I need to bandage a cut or scrape?
You don’t need to bandage every cut and scrape. Some heal more quickly when left uncovered to stay dry. But if the cut is on a part of the body that might get dirty or rub against clothes, put on a bandage to protect it. Change the bandage every day or whenever it gets wet or dirty. And if the wound is not showing signs of healing it will pay to see the doctor when you return to civilisation.
And finally, do a first aid course! Even the most basic course will teach you things you didn’t know. You could also do a wilderness first aid course which will put your through specific wilderness scenarios like dealing with snake bites, but that’s only if you’re planning on a multi-day, unguided bushwalk.
Want to know more about common bushwalking injuries? Click here.